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A rear-end collision is when one vehicle collides with the back of the vehicle in front. Rear-end collision accident claims* are a common form of injury in Ireland.Tell Us About Your Case
In most cases, the negligent party is the colliding car coming from behind. The car can sometimes be stationary, waiting at a junction or traffic lights. Multiple rear-end collisions can occur in queues of traffic when one car pushes the next one forward, causing a domino effect. Serious injuries can be contracted from this form of road traffic accident* and can affect the quality of life of a person. In the circumstances, the victim can be left with no other option but to seek legal remedy for the pain suffered.
As previously stated, in most circumstances liability is held with the party who collided with the vehicle in front of them. Insurance companies may often dispute where negligence lies so there are usually some standardised questions to assist you in establishing who is liable.
All road traffic users have a duty to be concentrated to the best of their ability when using the road. If you feel like there was nothing more you could have done to avoid the collision you don’t account for liability.
If you were distracted or reacted slower for some reason this may have impacted the bearing on the inevitability of the collision. However, if an object such as a child or animal appeared suddenly with little reaction time available causing abrupt breaking you cannot be held as the negligent party.
Witnesses are a common source of providing proof for a collision. However, it is advisable to install video-cameras on the dashboard and rear of the vehicle. The visual can be undisputed with and will illustrate who is liable.
Injuries received from a rear-end collision can have life-long effects on a person. Whiplash is the most common injury contracted from the collision. Whiplash injuries often require intensive rehabilitation treatment programmes. These expenses are known as special damages and may be claimed for.
Some of the other common injuries include:
Some of the most common causes of rear-end collisions have been:
Passengers travelling in a car that has been rear-ended have also been known to make a claim for injuries they have sustained. A passenger is not as focused on the road or their surroundings as the driver would be, therefore in the event of an accident they will not have the same reaction as the driver. A driver may be able to brace themselves just before impact, while a passenger may not be able to, meaning that in some cases the passenger’s injuries may be more severe than that of the driver.
Following a road traffic accident*, whether as a driver, passenger, pedestrian or cyclist, there are a number of steps you should follow:
Your health is your wealth and should be your first priority. Immediately after a road traffic accident*, take a second to assess yourself to determine if you have any injuries. Then check if any passengers or anybody else involved in the accident need medical attention. If you or anyone else involved has sustained a serious injury ensure that you contact an ambulance to attend the scene.
For minor injuries, you must remember that minor injuries where you ‘feel fine’ could progress to a more serious injury in the future. In this case it is always better to be safe than sorry and advisable that you go to your nearest accident and emergency (A&E) or local GP to be checked out.
It is important that you gather all the relevant information in connection with your accident:
Regardless of how minor or serious the road traffic accident* was, it is important that you call the Gardaí to report the accident immediately.
For minor accidents, the Gardaí may tell you that they will not be attending the scene. In this scenario, the appropriate information should be exchanged. In these cases, it is also important that you visit your nearest Garda station to request that they take details of the accident and to take your statement about the accident.
For more serious road traffic accidents*, where an ambulance has been called, the Gardaí may arrive at the scene to assess, take statements from the people involved and any witnesses.
If you are the driver of the vehicle involved in a road traffic accident* it is important to inform your own insurance company so they have a record.
If you are considering moving forward with a road traffic accident claim* for any personal injuries sustained it is advisable that you speak with a road traffic accident claims solicitor* as soon as possible. If you are proceeding with a claim, the first step will be submitting your claim to the Injuries Board for assessment. A road traffic accident solicitor* can help you in preparing your application to the Injuries Board and ensure that you follow the process in the correct format, meaning that you can move forward with your claim quickly without unnecessary delays.
It is important to remember to keep copies of any expenses that you have incurred as a result of the accident. It is also imperative to retain copies of medical reports or Garda reports, where possible as you will need them when making a claim.
Once you have gathered all the relevant information in relation to your injury it is then time to move forward with your claim. It is important to use a specialist road traffic accident* solicitor to help you with this.
When you decide you want to move forward with your road traffic accident claim* it is important to have all the relevant information to hand when contacting a solicitor. Important information to have on hand at this point is:
As a solicitor is aware of the road traffic accident claim* process they can avoid any legal bumps in the road you might encounter if you did this yourself. It is their job to be your trusted advisor on all legal matters throughout your case.
One of the most important document in your case is a medical report. Your solicitor will ask for your doctor’s or Hospital details so he can obtain a report on your injuries. This report will then be used to allow us progress your case.
As soon as your solicitor has gathered all the information, your road traffic accident claim* will be submitted to the Personal Injuries Assessment Board for assessment. You solicitor will do this for you. Once the Injuries Board assess your claim your solicitor will revert with a suggested settlement amount. At this stage you have a choice to accept the Injuries Board assessment or reject it and move the next steps.
At this point one of two scenarios will unfold:
a. If both you and the party at fault accept the Injuries Board assessment, your case is settled and the person at fault will be ordered to pay settlement to you.
b. If either you or the person at fault reject the Injuries Board assessment, then you move to the next stage and your solicitor will issue legal proceedings.
Before you start to concern yourself with court and everything that comes with it, it’s important to understand that only a very small percentage of cases actually make it to a courtroom.
Settlement meetings will be arranged where a settlement can be negotiated. Most cases are settled at this point without ever having to step foot into a courtroom and remember it’s your solicitor’s job to be with you every step of the way, right beside you to ensure that your best interests are met at all stages. Your solicitor is to be your trusted advisor throughout the process and to let you focus of your recovery, as they focus on settling your case.
At Tracey’s we make law accessible to all — regardless of your knowledge or experience with the claims process. For more information and a confidential discussion on your road traffic accident, phone 01 649 9900 where you can speak with a member of our team straight away, or email firstname.lastname@example.org to tell us about your case.
We aim to provide clear and independent legal advice and achieve the best possible outcomes for our clients.
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If you are to proceed with a road traffic accident claim* you may be entitled to claim compensation for the accident and added expenses you may have incurred. These claims are called damages.
General damages are non-financial damages such as pain and suffering and/or physical and emotional injuries following a road traffic accident*.
Special damages are out of pocket expenses incurred as a result of the road traffic accident*, for example, loss of earnings (if you are out of work), medical bills, and added travel costs as a result of the accident (for example, travel to and from the hospital). Learn more about Special Damages
Material damage refers to damage caused to your personal property. For example, in a road traffic accident, the material damage would be the damage to your car.
The statute of limitations are the legal time limits on how long you have to make a claim — these vary depending on the situation. The general rule for most personal injury cases* is that the person has two years from the date of the accident or date of knowledge of the accident* to make a claim for compensation. Contacting a solicitor to discuss your case will help you in determining how long you have left to make a claim.Learn more about Time Limits
We draw on more than 30 years of experience in personal injury law to provide you with expert advice and legal services.
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